Detroit Radio Station WDET Needs an Archive

July 31, 2019

The Detroit Radio Station WDET-FM needs to get an archive.  So far as I can discern, they have little or no audio archive or paper archive.  I write this post in order to initiate a discussion and maybe even to try to help start a campaign or a movement.

Many live performances, interviews and other material seem to be lost to history.  They need to try to start to save and conserve this material.  Ralph Valdez used to interview visual artists and writers as well as musicians.  W. Kim Heron often had a some excellent musical performances live and on the air.  I’m sure that there are plenty of other examples of this.


What can you do?


I was going to say, write to the general manager at WDET.  I checked and they don’t have a general manager.  Michelle Srbinovich has left the station.  Write to someone at WDET.

Here are the best people to write to, for now:

Jerome Vaughn, News Director

Joan Isabella, Program Director

Courtney Hurtt, Associate Director of Business Operations


If you have any old paper material related to the station including promos, ads, reviews, photos etc. Hang onto it.  They may well be interested in it.  If you have digital copies of paper material that would also be of interest.  If you taped stuff off of the air, especially live musical performances or interviews, try to get it digitized, that is, not just on tape.  Then we’ll see.


Charles Moore

Last year I had a story on Story Corps about my mid 1990’s street art project on the abandoned  J.L Hudson Building.  I asked WDET if they still had a copy my radio essay on the Hudson’s drawings.  I recorded it at the station years ago with Celeste Headlee.  They didn’t have it.  I have cassette copy somewhere that I need to digitize.

This is an excerpt from an email that I received in response to one that I sent to WDET reporter Laura Herberg:

“I would LOVE to hear that old story you did with Celeste. If you’re able to get into a .wav or .mp3 send it on over and we can try to add it to the StoryCorps Detroit post. Believe it or not, WDET does not have a proper archive. This is actually something I’ve been trying to advocate for at the station but we really can’t do it without getting some kind of massive grant and even if that happens, unfortunately, at this point I think a lot of amazing content has already been lost. From my understanding, most of what still exists from our days up the street on Woodward is just what the hosts of those shows (or guests like you) recorded and held on to. For example, that’s what happened here with Gayly Speaking, the hosts held on to some recordings of the shows.  I think what could put us over the edge on getting an archive is if our listeners started asking if we have an archive.”

I was surprised that WDET didn’t have much of an archive.  It’s taken me a year to get it together and try to start a campaign for WDET to get an archive.  We’ll see how it goes.

Bud Spangler

Is Detroit Sound Conservancy interested in the project?  It would  seem to overlap with their own concerns:

Detroit Sound Conservancy

This is a list of radio show hosts on WDET.  These are people who were more on the music side instead of on the news side.  Most of them would interview Detroit musicians and artists.  Some of them would broadcast live musical performances.  I’ll keep adding to this as time goes by: Charles Moore, Bud Spangler, Jim Gallert, Ed Love, W. Kim Heron, Ralph Valdez, Liz Copeland, Judy Adams, Robert Jones, Matt Watroba, John Sinclair, Mick Collins, Michael Julien, Martin Bandyke, Chris Felcyn, Jay Butler, John Moshier, Chuck Horn, John Penney, the Famous Coachman, Ann Delisi, Kim Hunter, Dave Dixon, Larry McDaniel, Rob Reinhart, Ismael Ahmed, Nick Austin, Chris Campbell and many more.

Further information on WDET circa 1960-2010:

WDET’s Dimension



There was a very good Charles Mingus performance broadcast on WDET.  This survives because someone had a quality tape recording of it.  It too, could easily have been lost.  Listening to it is a real flashback to WDET and to Detroit in 1973.  This is the sort of material that I think should be saved:

Howard J. Klop 1953-2019

June 30, 2019

Howard Klop, at the Piper house. October 1981

In 1970 my high school closed.  I was a Junior at Saint Martin’s High School in Detroit’s Jefferson-Chalmers neighborhood.  Many of my classmates opted to go to Nativity High School.  It was on Shoemaker and McClellan, not far from Gratiot.  It was my Senior year.  One of the first people we met there was Howard.  He really fit in with the Saint Martin’s gang.  We were kindred spirits.  We found we were nearly exactly the same age, both of us were born in October 1953.  We became good friends and engaged in a wide variety of adventures and escapades.  There were a lot of fellows in our circle.  Dennis “Buzz” Gallagher and the late Michael Sova were two of the mainstays.

We were often like a comedy team, full of fun and pranks, jokes and wisecracks.  Sometimes rubber animal masks and the letters O.O.E. had a part to play.  We were young and energetic and life was full of possibilities and promise.  Howard was often very funny.  You never knew what he was going to say or do next.  I had just a few good friends in my youth.  I had a tendency toward solitude and not fitting in, but I kept trying to get out of my shell as best I could.  I think that Howard was my best friend for 10 or 15 years.  Outside my family, he was the main person that I saw a lot and got to know.  Eventually, he moved out of Michigan.  Most of our interaction was by postal mail and occasionally by telephone.    Yet he remained in my thoughts, another good friend, once close, now more distant.

Howard Klop and Maurice Greenia, Jr. in October of 1981

Things were especially lively in those halcyon days, in the 1970’s.  I was in college from 1971 to 1976, working part time at the Detroit Public Library.  In 1977 I went on a two month, cross-country hitchhiking adventure.  I finished the 1970’s working a lot of bad jobs and trying to find a good job.  In 1985, I finally landed at a longtime job working for Crowley’s department store.  Throughout this time, I’d often be hanging out with Howard.  Sometimes we’d go to a concert or a movie.  Other times we’d go to a park or to a bar.  There were usually others who were also part of the party.  I’m the oldest of nine kids.  Sometimes some of my siblings came along.  Others in our circle included my cousin Joe White, Mike Morrison, Tom Garvin, Don Handy, Tim Mcleod, James Dionne and others.  I didn’t really make new friends at college.  I spent time with a few of my old high school friends and people from the Catacombs Coffee House.

Howard, right, at the Catacombs Coffee House

The Catacombs Coffee House was one of our regular spots to hang out.  It was in the church basement at Saint Martin’s.  I was on the staff.  It was an amazing place.  We had music, movies, comedy acts, poetry and more.  Other haunts included Belle Isle, the nearby parks along the Detroit river, movie theatres like the Esquire and the Woods, drive-ins, museums, taverns and house parties.  We’d always find something interesting to do.  It was mostly Detroit but we’d get to stuff in Grosse Pointe or Hamtramck.  We ‘d play softball or go swimming.  We enjoyed watching the boats and freighter ships go by on the river.  Sometimes we’d yell at them and sometimes they’d yell back.

On a camping trip, 1980’s

Eventually, we’d have a long series of camping trips.  Locations included state parks, cottages, the Pinery Provincial Park in Canada and a friend’s farm.  Sometimes, we’d go boating on the Detroit River or at various Michigan Lakes.

We’d go catch musical acts at Cobo Hall, the Masonic theatre, Olympia Stadium, Ford Auditorium, Wayne State University, the University of Detroit, the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Cinderella Theatre, the Vanity Ballroom and more.  We saw a lot of amazing concerts.  Special favorites included Rod Stewart and the Faces, the Who, and Iggy and the Stooges.  Sometimes we’d catch some live theatre or look at visual art.  There were some wild comic book conventions, especially the Detroit Triple Fan Fair.  People would dress up in costumes and there would often be nightlong movie marathons.

We’d hang out at an abandoned train station behind Cobo Hall, the old Union Depot.  These were some of our great adventures.  It was Howard’s idea to explore this building, built in the 1890’s.  We found it because we’d sometimes go to a nearby bar.  I believe that it was the Thomas Bar, now closed.  Eventually, we got a good group of people hanging out there.  We could make the hands move on the clock in the old clock tower!  We started to explore the train station in January or February of 1973.  It was torn down in January 1974.

I’d visit Howard’s place on Pelkey street in Detroit.  His parents were both very nice.  I got to have dinner there several times.  He visited my house a lot.  We lived on Piper in Jefferson-Chalmers until 1983.  He was an only child and I was the eldest in a big, lively family.  He got to know my parents and my brothers and sisters.  More and more, I started on a path as a poet, writer and visual artist.  I think that Howard had some appreciation of my early efforts, back in the late 1970’s and in the 1980’s.

All in all, Howard was a great guy.  He had unique personality. We were always on the move but we’d talk.  We’d “shoot the bull.”  He’d come over to my house and listen to records, look at books or watch something on television.  When you’re young and full of energy, the times are lively and many things are interesting.

Eventually, Howard moved away to Georgia, and later to Maine.  He worked as a nurse.  Occasionally he’d visit, or he’d phone, or I’d phone.  His longtime wife, Lisa is a fine person.  She tracked me down and let me know the sad news of his passing.  I knew that he had some health issues and had been worried about him.  He’s well thought of and well remembered by many of us, who knew him well in his younger days.

Don Handy remembers:

(After going to a Ramones Concert): “….as we were getting into his Dodge Dart, someone we’d never met jumped into the car with us. Most people would be pissed and order them to leave. Not Howard. He laughed and asked the guy where we wanted us to take him. It wasn’t far from there, and while he was in the car Howard conversed with him about the difference between east and west siders. Pure Howard.”

Random notes from my journals:

March 26, 1971 Howard tells me of his adventures in California,  He got to see a free Jefferson Airplane concert in the park.

May 30, 1971 It’s the big Rock N’ Roll Revival at the State Fairgrounds.  Acts include the Allman Brothers including Duane Allman.  Somehow we get backstage and meet Johnny and Edgar Winter.  After we lose track of Howard and find him directing traffic!  We give him a ride.  A few days later was the Nativity High School field trip to the Bob-Lo Island Amusement Park.  A few days after that, we graduated.

September 5, 1971 Howard impersonates “the Greenias’ cousin from England” and talks with an English  accent all night.  He’d repeat this impersonation occasionally but this was the debut.

I’ve kept a diary for most of my life, since 1964 or so.  I’ll try to find additional entries related to Howard and to post them here over the next few months.

Books That I’ve Read Recently/ Number 4

May 31, 2019

This feature returns after a 3-year absence.  It doesn’t include every book I’ve read in the past 3 years, just a few of the highlights.  It’d be good to do this yearly.  Hopefully in May or June of 2020, I’ll be back at this once more.


The Great Nadar: The Man Behind the Camera by Adam Begley c2017 256 pages.  This was a good short biography of the pioneerring phographer, Nadar.

Just Enough Leibling by A.J. Leibling c2004 534 pages.  I read several books by Leibling. This was a fine anthology and a good introduction to his work.

The Gypsies by Jean-Paul Clébert c1967 282 pages

Paris Vagabond by Jean-Paul Clébert c2016 352 pages

KRAZY; George Herriman, a Life in Black and White by Michael Tisserand c2016 560 pages


A Different Drummer a novel by William Melvin Kelley c1962

Dancers on the Shore short stories by William Melvin Kelley c1964

Design for Death by Barbara Jones c1967 304 pages.

The American Slave Coast by Ned and Constance Sublette c 2016 754 pages. “A history of the slave breeding industry.”  This was a long and detailed book and worth reading.

W. Eugene Smith: Shadow and Substance by Jim Hughes c1989 606 pages. “The Life and Work of an American photographer.”  I did an extensive study of Smith including several books, a film and a podcast from WKCR radio.  He was a great photographer and a real character.

Gene Smith’s Sink by Sam Stephenson c2017 229 pages.  This was a shorter but more recent book on W. Eugene Smith.

Diane Arbus: A Biography by Patricia Bosworth c1984 366 pages  Reread after so many years.  I did a major study on Arbus in 2018, reading some 4 or 5 books, some of them ongoing into 2019.

Song from the Forest by Louis Sarno c1993 330 pages.  The late Louis Sarno in an early take on his life with the pygmies and their music.  This was another major study for me in 2018.  I found quite a lot of pygmy music to listen to and studied their culture and history.


The Private Life of Plants by David Attenborough c1995 320 pages

The Dodo and the Solitaire by Jolyon C. Parish c2013 408 pages

America’s Forgotten Holiday; May Day and Nationalism 1867-1960 by Donna T. Haverty-Stocke c2009 303 pages

Vaudeville; From the Honky Tonks to the Palace by Joe Laurie c1953 561 pages         I’ve had a copy of this for years and finally got around to reading it, very good.

A Pictorial History of Vaudeville by Bernard Sobel c1961 224 pages

Underground; A Human History of the World Beneath our Feet by Will Hunt c2019 352 pages  This includes tunnels, sewers, mines and more.  I saw some abandoned railroad tunnels in New York City once.

Visionary Women; How Rachel Carson, Jane Jacobs, Jane Goodall, and Alice Waters Changed Our World by Andrea Barnet c2018 514 pages

The Invention and Reinvention of Big Bill Broonzy by Kevin D. Greene c2018 226 pages.   This got me listening to more of his music, excellent work.

Sophisticated Giant; The Life and Legacy of Dexter Gordon by Maxine Gordon c2018 279 pages

Sophisticated Giant: The Life and Legacy of Dexter Gordon by Maxine Gordon (University of California Press)

When Magoo Flew; The Rise and Fall of Animation Studio UPA by Adam Abraham c2012 332 pages.  I love the UPA cartoons  This was a good history of  this unique group of artists and producers.

Previous reading lists, from 2014 to 2016:

My Mother and My Aunt Turn 90

April 30, 2019

My mother, circa 1950’s


My mother and her twin, my Aunt Pat just turned 90 on April 17.  We had several celebrations for them.

They’re both extraordinary people.  My mother helped raise nine children.  I’m the eldest, so I had a ringside seat for most of our family history.  We’ve had plenty of times and adventures.  She has a great sense of humor and is very smart about things.  When you get to be in your nineties, you’re bound to have learned a thing or two.  My mom’s just the greatest, such a unique and lovely person.

My Aunt Pat was my Godmother.  She and my Aunt Mary were schoolteachers.  Likewise, my Aunt Pat is also truly wonderful, such a considerate and kind person.  It’s always been great to see her. When we were kids, she’d take us on on excursions to movies and to places like Belle Isle.

My father is 91 and is also doing well, for 91.  So far, my parents can get along OK on their own.  My siblings and I try to visit them frequently and make sure that they’re doing alright and that they have what they need.

My Aunt Pat is in an assisted living home.  It’s a good one though, and she seems to have adjusted to being there.

My Aunt Pat and I at the Children’s Zoo on Belle Isle

If I get to live to be in my 80’s and 90’s, I hope that I’m doing as well as my parents.  They’ve taught me a few things about aging well.  I’ve just started on the path to being older, elderly and, eventually, retired.  They’re pretty well along that path.

We try to live our lives, and live our lives well until that last day.  Most of us try to delay that day as best we can.  Life is amazing, both fragile and strong.

My Aunt Pat and my mother, circa 2011. That’s my father, standing.

Downtown Detroit, March 24, 2019

March 31, 2019

The Rosa Parks Transit Center and the Book Building

Last Sunday, March 24th, I took the bus downtown to see the Planet D Nonet at Trinosophes.  I walked from the Rosa Parks Transit Center to Eastern Market.  It was very warm, after a cool morning.  I took off my second jacket.  It was just too hot.  It was a rare Spring-like day.  It looks like another cold week as we go into April.  Mid-April should be better.

PD9 were excellent, as usual.  It was a CD release event for their recording of Bennie Moten and Count Basie’s material.  It’s always great to get to the Trinosophes.  I had a good walk there, but it was nice to get a ride home.

Washington Boulevard

As I walked, I took a lot of photos.  I hadn’t really been downtown since the Detroit Jazz Festival, last Labor Day Weekend.  The Cass Corridor, the Cultural Center and the New Center are my stomping grounds.  I’ve lived in the Wayne State area for over 25 years.  Yet I rarely get to downtown proper.

This is because I ride the bus and I still work full-time.  I lead a busy life.  It’s interesting to see what’s still the same and what’s changed.

Capital Park

I remember Capital Park as the site of a strange used book store and of the 2-South Art Gallery.  Then too, of course, I created a huge sprawling art project all over the J.L. Hudson’s Building.  My art was on it when it came down.  You can see the people mover track.  Does the train run through the construction site while they’re building?  It looks like it.  It took 20 years for them to build on this empty site.  I’m not enthusiastic about what’s being built there, but we’ll see.

Construction begins on the former site of the J.L. Hudson’s Building

I used to frequent this library.  I haven’t been there in years but I’d love to visit it again.  Memories of adventures and of places that are gone keep coming up.

The Belt Alleyway/ Arcade


Harmony Park, the former Detroit Artist’s Market site

Lost Detroit Treasures: Gone but Not Forgotten

February 28, 2019
early april 015c

Circa 2014.

With all of the changes going on in Detroit, many of its very best, most magical places keep closing.  Is it the rent being raised?  In some cases, the people who were running them were ready to retire and a fairly good buyout offer came their way.  Others were forced out.

One beloved spot is now a tattoo parlor.  All the rest of these are sitting vacant and unused.  This may be the case for a long time to come.  I miss all of them and I tried to frequent them and support them.

Showcase Collectibles was a very special place.  Sometimes it even seemed to be a bit enchanted or mysterious.  It was also one of the last holdouts of the old spirit of the Cass Corridor of bygone days.  There were often dogs there and maybe a few cats.  The owners had previously run the local Birdtown Pet Shop.  Sometimes you’d go in and they’d be having a party and might even offer you a beer.  You never knew what you’d find there.  I found some great vinyl LPs there, in good shape.  There were old photos  and postcards.  It’s a big loss.

At Showcase Collectibles

The VALUE WORLD store on Woodward in the New Center was also really great.  I’d find excellent books there, hats and clothes, toy instruments for the Spaceband, puppets and much more.  It was also blessed with a unique atmosphere.  Now there are about ten of their stores are in the suburbs but none in Detroit.


The BIG BOOK STORE was another special favorite.  I’d go there all the time. I’d always find good books there.  Sometimes I’d find movie stills, old magazines and other odd stuff.  How many used book stores are there in Detroit now?  There’s John Kong downtown of course.  I know of one on Mack, on the East Side.  Is there anything else?

The proprietor, William Foulkes was an old friend.  I first met him some 40 years ago.  It was near my bus stop so I’d go in their to get out of the freezing cold or just to shoot the bull.  I’ve lost touch with Bill.  If anyone’s in contact with him, ask him to get in ahold of   me.

I miss the Marwil Book Store too, another most excellent  Detroit place.  It was there for a long time.  They always had some surprising books.

The Detroit Hardware store on Woodward was another favorite spot.  They were the best and I’m sorry that they had to shut down.

The Circa 1890 Saloon was a unique spot. The decor was a unique collection of Western and rural themed America artifacts, including a jackalope or two.  For a long time they’d have a “welcome to Spring” celebration, burying old man Winter.  They’d bring out a coffin and have a sort of funeral march, New Orleans style.  Local bands, poets and other performers would play there.  I was part of a gig there, on the same bill with the late Detroit jazz great Faruq Z, Bey.  This was one of his final performances.  He passed away  a few days later.

I’d stop by there, now and then.  Once, they gave me my hat that I’d left there on a previous visit.  There were two rooms, with a bar in the middle.

The Zenith, 2015.

For about a year and a half, the strange and wonderful Zenith Restaurant held court on the first floor of the Fisher Building.  It was sort of like dining in an eccentric museum, mixing pop culture with a little true fine art.   The space has been sitting empty for over three years.

I enjoyed going to Goodwell’s Natural Foods Market.  It was on Willis, down the street from the Avalon Bakery.  They’ve been closed for a few years.  I’ll probably think of some other beloved Cass Corridor area digs that I miss.  I’ll add them here as they come to mind.

The Circa 1890 Saloon:

The Zenith Restaurant:

Goodwell’s Natural Foods Market, 2015.

The Detroit Hardware Company:

The Detroit Hardware Company, the key section.

2004, Detroit Chinatown:

Older, Chin Tiki, closed in 1980:

A related blog post that I did in 2016:

Gone but not forgotten: the Gold Dollar, Charlotte Lounge, the Chin Tiki, Alvin’s, the Catacombs Coffee House, the Women’s City Club, Zoot’s Coffee House, the Bittersweet Coffee House, the Art Center Music School, 404 West Willis, the Hoe Hoe Inn aka the Grinning Duck Club, the Freezer Theatre, the Cass Corridor Food Co-op, the Campus Treasure Shop and many more.  These are mostly places that I frequented or at least I got to them a few times.  Some of them, I’ve even performed there, with one of the musical groups I’ve been with or doing a solo puppet show or reading poetry.

More Sights Along the Dexter Bus Route

January 31, 2019

Abandoned storefronts: I love this old yellow arrow, right. 2016.

April 2018.

The ride on Detroit’s Dexter Bus has a unique sort of poetic flow.  I love to read and I get around 80% of my reading done while on the bus or while waiting for the bus.  If the multiple cell phone conversations get to be too distracting, I put on my headphones and listen to instrumental music, usually jazz.  

The other distraction is the temptation to look out of the window.  Occasionally, I put the book down and just watch the streets, houses, people and plants for the entire ride.  Most of these photos were taken from the bus window.  If they stop a minute, it helps.  Yet I’ve taken some good shots even when the bus was moving.

The New Visible Change Barbershop on Joy Road at Dexter. 2016.

I especially love the home gardens.  There are several examples of topiary sculpture.  One house has topiary sculptures of a dinosaur, a dolphin, a cactus, a deer. an elephant and others.  They put up balloons and lights for the year-end holidays.  It’s one of the best of the vacant lot gardens.

An elephant and a dinosaur. 2016.

June 2017.

There’s another especially beautiful garden which I call the “Swan House” because it has two stone swans on its doorstep.  Sometimes I see people working on it.

The “Swan House” from June 2017.

Here are some of the sights along the way.  There’s a place called The Hook Fish & Chicken.   One of its neon signs reads “CAT FILLET” while others include “PERCH” and “CAT NUGGETS.”  There are a few murals.  There’s a large Synagogue, now repurposed.  One building includes a Gear Unlimited store and some interesting brick work.  It’s been closed for years after a fire.  Then too, there are other abandoned apartment buildings and storefronts and a few unusable payphones.

Then there’s the empty Bill’s Door and Lock.  If you look up above is a faded K. Kilpatrick for Mayor poster.  Down below there’s a painted sign advertising “DOG BATHING.”

An abandoned video store and locksmith’s shop. October 2016.


Social Club, Special Events Inc. June 2018.


They tore down the Dexter Bar and carted it away, but they left this, the building next to it.


If you click on these photos, they’ll enlarge and then you can backspace to get back to the article.

Along the Dexter Bus Route

December 31, 2018

From 2015.

bd_latemay 026too

From early 2017

Since 2001 I’ve taken the Dexter bus into work.  It’s a lovely, often poetic ride.  I watch the old buildings fall apart, and sometimes being torn down.  I watch the active business and homes.  I watch the people.  I watch the flow of nature, the skies, trees and grasses.  The play of light and shadow keeps changing, as the year continues.

There’s often construction going on.  Usually they’re either tearing down buildings or fixing the roads.  There’s always something interesting to see,  I keep noticing little details that I’d never caught before.  How did I miss that?


October 2016, Fall Colors with a jack-o-lantern in the window.


A vine-covered house, July 2016.


Painting over a “ghost sign” at Eleos Coffee House.

The King Solomon Lodge was partially open for a time.  I think that there was a store there and that the manager was murdered.  Since then, it’s seemed to be vacant.  I got the close-up photo of the marquee when the bus was pulled over for a stopover.  The Eleos Coffee House is a fairly recent business.  They seem to be making a go of it.

The King Solomon Lodge, abandoned but in pretty good shape.


An abandoned tire store is fronted by a ghost pizza parlor sign, stained by its former lighting fixture.


June 2016

They tore down the old Dexter Bar.  Somehow I hated to see it go.  I wrote a post about it. The link to it’s below.


The Dexter Bar, May 2017.


Related material:




Old Book Covers, Part Four

November 29, 2018

From 1952


Part Four of Four

I’ve been scanning book covers that I like.   This time, these are mostly books connected with art and artists.

Someday I’ll share more old book covers, but this is enough for now.  I hope that the rest of your year 2018 is a good one, or at least an acceptable or tolerable one.



From 1959 by Eugene A. Nida & William A. Smalley





Cover Art by Jackson Pollock, from 1964



From 1970





Translated by Richard Barber, in 1999 (original from the Bodleian Library).





Cover Art by Hans Hoffman, from 2002




First published in 1923



From 1950

Old Book Covers, Part Three

October 31, 2018

Naked Canvas, from 1955

Part Three of Four

I’ve been scanning book covers that I like.   These are mostly tied to love and romance: and its discontents.  Most of these are real potboilers and are probably not worth reading all the way through.

You can see how they’re trying to boost the sales of the books by making them a bit lurid.  Sex sells.  Yes that Velvet Underground book is the source of the name of the rock group The Velvet Underground.


Mosquitos, from 1927



The Smoldering Fire, from 1955



Bed of Hate, from 1955



Pastoral, from 1954



Shore Leave, from 1944



The Velvet Whip, from 1954



The Velvet Underground, from 1963